Seismic costs

Dawn | October 7, 2018 Imaduddin Ahmed The writer is an infrastructure investment professional. WHEN considering investment in an infrastructure project, responsible investors or donors would ask: what is the need? What are the financial, social and environmental costs? What are the risks and the unknowns? Is the project likely to yield higher costs than…

Courting disaster

Dawn | August 18, 2017 Imaduddin Ahmed SIXTEEN million people in Pakistan lack access to safe water. Scarcity of clean water and poor sanitation claim 19,000 children under five years of age in Pakistan annually, according to WaterAid. Per FAO/World Bank data, Pakistan’s internal renewable freshwater per capita is less than that in Syria, whose…